Axis and Allies knowledge base

Game sessions make fictional references inspired from commands and operations from World War II.

Military commands and bureaucracies

The Soviet Union

Soviet Partisans Coordinated with the Soviet government, it was a resistance movement fighting a guerrilla war against Axis powers.

Stavka High Command Reorganized last in 1941, it represented their High Command with Stalin as its head.  The terminology goes back to imperial Russia with its original meaning from the Russian word “tent”.

Germany

Afrikakorps Formed by Adolf Hitler in January 1941 to expand military ambitions into Africa.  Originally an expeditionary force led by Rommell who landed in Libya a month later.

German Wehrmacht  General term describing its armed forces, the Commander-in-Chief was the head of state, Adolf Hitler.  It had a defined command structure.

Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda  Founded in 1933 regulating German society and culture to enforce Nazi doctrine and shape public opinion.

The United Kingdom

British High Command The political head of state and moral leader of its military.  Winston Churchill represented the British High Command during World War II.

British Indian Army Command Having the largest volunteer army in history at 2.5 million in 1945, World War II would be the last battles fought under British command before their independence in 1947.

Field Marshall North African Campaign   Between June 1940 and May 1943, Axis and Allied powers fought over control of northern Africa including Libya, Egypt, Algeria, and Morocco.

Royal Navy Command Its origins tracing back to the 16th century, it is the principal naval warfare service branch.

Japan

Imperial Council (Gozen Kaigi) Extra constitutional conferences of utmost critical matters discussed with the Emperor.  The council consisted of both political and military leaders reaching a unanimous decision.  Though important decisions were made in the presence of the Emperor, it was unheard for the him to object or even speak.  One rare exception was the Emperor’s advocating condition of surrender; the preservation of Japanese national identify and his status as a figure head.

Imperial General Command Established in 1893, it was part of the Supreme War Council coordinating efforts between the Japanese Army and Navy.

Imperial Japanese Naval Command Created in 1869 after abolishing private navies, the Empire planned to rapidly build a navy to counter America and Europe.  Its naval accomplishments spearheaded Japan to a superpower.  Its successes however, led to its inevitable demise and was officially dissolved in 1947.

War Ministry of Economic Mobilization of Japan – Ministry responsible furthering Japan’s economic goals through securing natural resources to sustain the Empire’s military ambitions.

The United States of America

Alaska Territorial Guard Organized in 1942, it was a reserve force created in response to the Pearl Harbor attack.  It numbered 20,000 before disbanding in 1947.

Secretary of the Navy Chief executive officer of the navy, and by law, a civilian serving on the President’s cabinet until the National Security Act of 1947 and afterwards reported to Secretary of Defense.  Frank Knox served as Secretary of the Navy in World War II between 1940 and 1944 before he died of a heart attack while in office.

Supreme Allied Command The office of the most senior commander within multinational military offices.  General Dwight Eisenhower served as Supreme Allied Commander during World War II.

U.S. Fleet Command A service component command of the United States Navy that provides naval resources that are under the administrative control of the Secretary of the Navy

Military operations and campaigns

Operation Barbarossa Named after a medieval emperor, it was the code name for the German invasion of Stalin’s Soviet Union.  Conducted on June 22, 1941, it ended in disaster at the Battle of Moscow ultimately in defeat for Germany.

Operation Hawaii More commonly known as the “Attack on Pearl Harbor”, took place on December 7th, 1941.  A “date which will live in infamy”, the surprise attack from the Imperial Japanese Navy, pulled The United States into the world war.

Operation Overlord Code name for the allied invasion of Normandy that took months of preparation.  It commenced on “D-Day” June 6, 1944.

Operation Sea Lion Germany’s plan invasion plan of The United Kingdom.  Requiring air and naval supremacy, it was never carried out.

 

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