The Camera Dolly, Reveal in Foreground is a technique introducing a new subject, generally from the left or right edge as the camera travels horizontally as the new subject is introduced in the foreground. The subtle focus from one to other is helped by the separation of depth.
Extreme close ups,
are unordinary camera compositions of a subject. For talent, it may be a hand, an eye, or a mouth. Inanimate objects such as knifes or door handles. can have their extreme close ups as well.
Close ups are a step closer than medium close ups. Also known as a “reaction shot”, it can be used for important lines of dialog, emphasizing the character’s appearance and charisma, or simply showing emotion.
Medium close ups are most commonly used with dialog. It is a most effective technique to emotionally connect the audience with the characters. The definition of the medium close up is subject to the style and interpretation of the director.
Mid Shots may be the most natural camera frame. Some theories, due to its banality, discourage it outright. In some eyes, the mid shot indicates lack of direction. If we were to silently sit on a park bench observing the human condition, what would we focus our attention? Rarely we would walk up to a stranger for a close up. We would get pushed back or slapped in the face! Extreme wide shots are appropriate for atmosphere, but we can’t hear what anyone is saying. There is no intimacy. We begin to notice details with a wide shot. Our eyes can focus on a subject from head to toe. But the mid shot, is where we can approach with out threatening them. They may not notice we’re there studying.